DescriptionCanberra is the capital city of Australia. With a population of 381,488, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. Canberra is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), 280 km south- west of Sydney, and 660 km north-east of Melbourne. As the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the official residence of the Monarch's representative the Governor-General, the High Court and numerous government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, Royal Australian Mint, Australian Institute of Sport, National Gallery, National Museum and the National Library.